These ancient civilizations remain trapped under ice and water
James Cameron has been obsessed with what lies beneath the deep ever since taking that tiny personal sub into the depths of the North Atlantic ocean for Titanic. And this week he dropped the debut episode of his new National Geographic series, Atlantis Rising, claiming to have discovered the ancient city consumed by water and ice some 6000 years ago. Many thought the Lost City of Atlantis to be under the ice of Antarctica, but Cameron’s latest evidence and claims suggest the city - which disappeared overnight - was in fact at the entrance to the Mediterranean. With that mind, we went through the archives to unearth some of the world’s other ancient civilizations lost under ice and water.
Following Greek philosopher Plato’s writings from 360 BC, James Cameron believes he has found Atlantis in the Strait of Gibraltar, between Spain and Africa. Though only one episode into his extensive Nat Geo series featuring the work of historical experts and marine archeologists, Cameron suggests 4,000-year-old stone anchors found deep underwater are proof of ancient ship docks in the middle of the sea.
Some two miles beneath the ice, history and conspiracy theorists alike believe remote sensing photography taken by NASA last year suggest evidence of an ancient civilization - also thought to be Atlantis - lies deep in the depths of the Antarctic ice and confirms markings on a 1513 AD Piri Reis map by military intelligence. Google Earth images have added to the intrigue, revealing what look to be pyramids emerging from the ice.
Also known as Thonis, this ancient Egyptian city was said to be where Cleopatra was inaugurated, and then disappeared into the Mediterranean at the mouth of the Nile some 1200 years ago. It was one of the biggest trade centres of its time and for centuries was understood to be a myth before being discovered by a marine archeologist in 2001 when searching for French warships. It’s located just 1.5 miles off the coast in the Abu Qir Bay.
In the Gulf of Khambhat off the west coast of India and 120 feet underwater lies the sunken city of Dwarka, which archaeologists say could be over 9000 years old. Some five miles long and two miles wide, the vast city is said to have two hubs and was discovered in 2002 by accident during a survey of ocean pollution. Other than structures, recovered debris includes pottery, beads, sculptures, building materials and human remains.
Further proof of India’s part in shaping the world as we know it lies in the waters off the coast of South India, where archaeologists confirmed in 2016 the site of an ancient civilization dating back some 1500 years. After locals first claimed to have spotted ruins emerge from the water during a 2004 tsunami before the water swallowed them again, archeologists returned to the site and eventually found brick and stone structures, stairways and walls along the seabed just half a mile off shore and 27 feet below the surface. Among the finds, the remains of at least three temples have also been found so far in the area.